This document is a scientific paper which resulted from a study which evaluated archetypical patterns from the perspective of sustainable intensification to identify dryland regions for which sustainable intensification presents particular entry points for reducing vulnerability and improving food security. The study aimed to improve knowledge of the heterogeneity in the vulnerability of farming systems in the dry-lands of sub-Saharan Africa to climate change. In particular, it addressed two research questions. Firstly, are there broad archetypes of farming systems’ vulnerability across all dry-lands in sub-Saharan Africa? Secondly, are there nested archetypes of vulnerability in those regions with higher agro potential and predominant agricultural livelihoods that can facilitate a more nuanced discussion of vulnerability?