VUNA knowledge products freely available through the CCARDESA Southern African Agricultural Information and Knowledge System (SAAIKS)

CCARDESA is pleased to share information and knowledge which was developed through implementing the VUNA project. VUNA was a DFID-funded regional climate smart agriculture programme, implemented by Adam Smith International. It worked in Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe to build the climate resilience of smallholder farmers in the region. The programme generated guides, reports and reviews which are important in dealing with the hot issue of climate change. All materials produced by VUNA are now available through the CCARDESA SAAIKS platform. Below is a breakdown of the available information.

 

1.Climate Risks and Trends in Eastern and Southern Africa

This report provides a review of trends in climate change and their expected impacts. It also highlights the importance of agriculture as both a contributor and a respondent to climate change. The findings most prominently discussed are based on a subset of general circulation model (GCMs) that highlight the correlation between the rise of GHG and changing climate patterns. Key findings in this report are highlighted in an information brief  found HERE


2.Climate Risks and Trends in Eastern and Southern Africa (brief)

This information brief highlights key findings in the Vuna report on “Climate Risks and Trends in Eastern and Southern Africa”. The report  attempts to provide a review of trends in climate change and their expected impacts and highlights the importance of agriculture as both a contributor and a respondent to climate change.  Access the full report HERE


3.Assessing the contributions of conservation agriculture to building resilience to drought (review)

This literature review summarises theory and evidence of the contribution of conservation agriculture (CA) to resilience in the event of drought. The review asks whether CA improves productivity and food security when rainfall is poor, and what aspects of CA contribute most to these benefits.


4.Assessing the contributions of conservation agriculture to building resilience to drought (report)

This research report evaluates the contributions of conservation agriculture practices, as applied by smallholder farmers, to improving crop resilience to drought. It also assesses factors which differentiate full adopters of conservation agriculture from  partial adopters and non-adopters in order to assess why some farmers are more likely than others to adopt these technologies. Findings in this report are highlighted in a brief published by VUNA. Access the Brief HERE


5.Assessing the contributions of conservation agriculture to building resilience to drought (brief)

This information brief highlights key findings in the Vuna report “Assessing the contributions of conservation agriculture to building resilience to drought”.  The report evaluates the contributions of conservation agriculture practices, as applied by smallholder farmers, to improving crop resilience to drought. It also seeks to assess factors which differentiate full adopters of conservation agriculture from partial adopters and non-adopters in order to assess why some farmers are more likely than others to adopt these technologies. Access the full report HERE


6.Agribusiness Responses to Climate Risks: Implications for Improving Smallholder Resilience (brief)

This information brief highlights key findings in the Vuna report “Agribusiness Responses to Climate Risks: Implications for Improving Smallholder Resilience”. The report identifies how agribusiness firms in organised production and trading relationships with smallholder farmers respond to climate risks, and how they may invest in improving the climate resilience of smallholders within value chains for selected commercial crops. Access the report HERE


7.Agribusiness Responses to Climate Risks: Implications for Improving Smallholder Resilience (report)

This report identifies how agribusiness firms in organised production and trading relationships with smallholder farmers respond to climate risks, and how they may invest in improving the climate resilience of smallholders within value chains for selected commercial crops. Key findings in this report are summarised in a brief published by VUNA. Access the brief HERE


8.Transformational Adaptation to Climate Change: Concepts, Examples, and Relevance for Agriculture in Eastern and Southern Africa (Report)

This report addresses the relationship between incremental adaptation, transformational adaptation, and resilience, with a focus on transformational adaptation to changes in climatic and environmental conditions that result in conditions under which existing systems and practices are likely to be unviable. The report presents some examples of transformational adaptation from the distant and recent past, and discusses the relevance of transformational adaptation for agriculture in East and Southern Africa, with particular attention to the linkages  between transformational adaptation and Climate Smart Agriculture. Findings are summarised in a brief which can be accessed HERE


9.Transformational Adaptation to Climate Change: Concepts, Examples, and Relevance for Agriculture in Eastern and Southern Africa (brief)

This information brief highlights key findings in the Vuna report “Transformational Adaptation to Climate Change: Concepts, Examples, and Relevance for Agriculture in Eastern and Southern Africa,”. The report addresses the relationship between incremental adaptation, transformational adaptation, and resilience, with a focus on transformational adaptation to changes in climatic and environmental conditions that result in conditions under which existing systems and practices are likely to be unviable. Access the full report HERE


10.Scaling Up and Scalability: Concepts, Frameworks and Assessment (Report)

This report summarises Vuna’s initial efforts of promoting the broader adoption of climate smart agriculture technologies through a series of pilot projects. It notes that projects that are successful are likely to be scaled up, expanded within the pilot country, replicated in neighbouring countries, or both. Findings of this report are summarized in a brief which can be accessed HERE


11.Assessing Opportunities for the Scaling Up of Agricultural Projects (brief)

This information brief highlights key findings in the Vuna report “Scaling Up and Scalability: Concepts, Frameworks and Assessment,”. The report summarises Vuna’s initial efforts of promoting the broader adoption of climate smart agriculture technologies through a series of pilot projects. It notes that projects that are successful are likely to be scaled up, expanded within the pilot country, replicated in neighbouring countries, or both.  Please access the full report HERE


12.Reaching More Farmers with High Quality Seed for Drought Tolerant Crops

This study aims to document and make recommendations to improve smallholder farmer access to seed of modern varieties of drought-tolerant crops in Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. The study is informed by a review of more than 70 relevant papers, both peer reviewed and grey literature. Its focus is on drought-tolerant crops that will become increasingly important under a changing climate: sorghum, pearl millet, cowpea, pigeonpea, groundnut, and open-pollinated variety (OPV) maize. Key findings of this study are summarized in a brief which can be accessed HERE


13.Smallholder access to drought-tolerant seed (brief)

This information brief highlights key findings of the Vuna study report “Reaching More Farmers with High-Quality Seed for Drought Tolerant Crops,”. This study aims to document and make recommendations to improve smallholder farmer access to seed of modern varieties of drought-tolerant crops in Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. The study is informed by a review of more than 70 relevant papers, both peer reviewed and grey literature. Its focus is on drought-tolerant crops that will become increasingly important under a changing climate: sorghum, pearl millet, cowpea, pigeonpea, groundnut, and open-pollinated variety (OPV) maize. Access the full report HERE


14.Comparative Assessment of Weather Index Insurance Strategies (review)

This review summarizes the main findings of the global experience on the implementation of Weather Index Insurance (WII) specifically the lessons learned on the mechanics of the index, profitability, bundling, impacts, and potential role in climate change adaptation. It also discusses the challenges of current pilot projects in East and Southern Africa, wherever secondary information is available.


15.Comparative Assessment of Selected Agricultural Weather Index Insurance Strategies in Sub-Saharan Africa (report)

This report presents a review of the commercial sustainability, profitability, challenges, impact, and potential contribution of weather index insurance (WII) products to improving resilience in weather-affected agricultural systems in developing countries. This is important given the continuing demand on governments to manage the considerable weather risk faced by smallholders in Sub-Saharan Africa and other weather-exposed regions in developing economies. Findings in this report are summarised in a brief which is accessible HERE


16.Agricultural Weather Index Insurance in Sub-Saharan Africa (brief)

This brief summarises the report of a “Comparative Assessment of Selected Agricultural Weather Index Insurance Strategies in Sub-Saharan Africa.” The report presents a review of the commercial sustainability, profitability, challenges, impact, and potential contribution of weather index insurance (WII) products to improving resilience in weather-affected agricultural systems in developing countries. This is important given the continuing demand on governments to manage the considerable weather risk faced by smallholders in Sub-Saharan Africa and other weather-exposed regions in developing economies. Access the full report HERE


17.Agricultural Drought and Climate Smart Agriculture (brief)

This information brief highlights key findings in the Vuna report “Agricultural Drought and Climate Smart Agriculture”. The report gives an overview of historical rainfall patterns including links to the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon. It discusses projections for future changes. It was developed through a strategic review of literature examining agricultural drought risks in Eastern and Southern Africa, and how these are changing as a result of climate change, including an assessment of changes in the relationship between El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and drought in Southern Africa.  It then compares these results with the breadth of proposals for coping with drought offered under the rubric of CSA. Access the full report HERE


18.Agricultural Drought and Climate Smart Agriculture (Report)

This report gives an overview of historical rainfall patterns including links to the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon. It discusses projections for future changes. It was developed through a strategic review of literature examining agricultural drought risks in Eastern and Southern Africa, and how these are changing as a result of climate change, including an assessment of changes in the relationship between El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and drought in Southern Africa.  It then compares these results with the breadth of proposals for coping with drought offered under the rubric of CSA.  Finding of this report are summarised in a brief which can be accessed HERE


19.Influencing and Advocacy for Gender-Inclusive Climate-Smart Agriculture

This guide shows the second of a three-document series that aims to build the motivation for small and growing agribusinesses (SGABs) to practice gender-inclusive climate-smart agriculture (CSA) and integrate it into their business models, as there is currently a lack of literature and research on the intersection between gender, CSA, and the business case for inclusion.


20.Gender Inclusion for Climate-Smart Agribusinesses

This guide aims to increase agribusinesses’ interest in gender-inclusive climate-smart agriculture (CSA). With a focus on the supply side of small and growing agribusiness (SGAB) value chains, it outlines suggestions for what businesses can do to improve women’s economic opportunities and reduce the productivity gap, and how their business operations can benefit from promoting gender inclusion.


21.Innovations in Gender-Inclusive Climate-Smart Agriculture (Guide)

The purpose of this guide is to identify examples of gender-inclusive climate-smart agriculture (CSA) being implemented by small and growing agribusinesses (SGABs) within East and Southern Africa, and beyond. This Paper complements the paper  Gender Inclusion for Climate-Smart Agribusinesses: A practical framework for integrating gender in climate-smart agriculture and “Influencing and Advocacy for Gender-Inclusive Climate-Smart Agriculture: A guide for small and growing agribusinesses”. It aims to provide tangible reference points for businesses interested in taking a gender-inclusive approach to their CSA work.

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